Lingua-Nova








Assignment Dates
 
Apr. 06, 2016
Apr. 13, 2016
Apr. 20, 2016
Apr. 27, 2016
May 04, 2016
May 11, 2016
May 18, 2016
May 25, 2016
Jun. 01, 2016
Jun. 08, 2016
Jun. 15, 2016
Jun. 22, 2016
Jun. 29, 2016
Jul. 06, 2016
Jul. 13, 2016
Jul. 20, 2016
Jul. 27, 2016

LV: 2692
English 2 for Mechanical Engineers
Summer Semester 2016

"English 2 for Mechanical Engineers (Ü AW/ 1-4)" Wednesdays [12:15 - 1:45] Room 027, "Haus Gauß".

Contact me at dozent@lingua-nova.com if you have any questions.

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Extra documents dealing with English in general are to be found at the English web page.

April 06, 2016
  • Classwork HERE
    • Administrative
      • "Attendance"
      • Cellulars
    • It takes two to learn as well as tango
    • English
    • Requirements (minimum 50%)
      • Final date will be determined in June
      • Written Final (80 points)
        • Vocabulary (5 - 10 points)
        • Grammar & Lectures (10 - 20 points)
        • Reading Comprehension (15 points)
        • Writing (15 - 20 points)
      • Listening (20 points)
    • A Closer Look: Adjective or Adverb?
      • Basic Rules
        1. Adjectives modify nouns
        2. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs and sentences.
        3. "Rule of Thumb" You can make adverbs easily by adding "-ly" to an adjective.
      • Variant Germanic adjective endings:
        • -ish (having the attributes of an attribute or of something):
          • Smallish
          • Sixish
          • Reddish
        • -y (having the attributes of an attribute or of something):
          • Hardy
          • Toughy
      • Exceptions
        • Adjective "-ly" exceptions are "-ly" added to a noun:
          • Daily (adj.)
          • Early (adj.) [I know it's not added to ear: it's to ere (before)]
          • Friendly (adj.)
          • Goodly (adj.) [I know it's also an adjective: but, as Shakespeare says, "The good is oft interred with their bones."]
          • Homely (adj.)
          • Kingly (adj.)
          • Knightly (adj.)
          • Lowly (adj.)
          • Queenly (adj.)
          • Princely (adj.)
        • Adverbial "-ly" exceptions:
          • quite
          • so
          • soon
          • very
        • Double trouble (Standardizing on "-ly"; joining the "Rule of Thumb"):
          • fair fairly
          • free freely
          • high highly
          • late lately
          • most mostly
          • near nearly
          • right rightly
          • slow slowly
          • wrong wrongly
        • Adverbs that are Adjectives too:
          • close
          • daily
          • early
          • fair
          • far
          • fast
          • free
          • hard vs. hardly ("hardly" means almost not at all.)
          • high
          • late vs. lately ("lately" means recently. Lately, they were shipping late.)
          • long (He worked long at the project.)
          • low
          • pretty vs. prettily ("prettily" means beautifully, "pretty" means very.)
          • right
          • wide
          • well (also an adjective meaning healthy)
          • wrong
        • Sense (& Linking) Verbs:
          • to appear
          • to be
          • to become
          • to feel
          • to get
          • to go
          • to grow
          • to look
          • to prove
          • to remain
          • to seem
          • to smell ("Her nose smells well." vs. "Her nose smells good.")
          • to sound
          • to stay
          • to taste
          • to turn
          • to work
      • NOT NO is a NO-NO (almost but still a cigar - negative adverbs):
        • hardly ("He hardly ate." vs. "He did not hardly eat.")
        • barely
        • scarcely
    • Engineering in America
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April 13, 2016 top
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April 20, 2016
  • Homework
    • Reading and Discussion: Wind Turbines (to download and prepare for today)
    • A Closer Look: Units of Measurement (to download)
    • Conversions
      • A pint's a pound the world around [A kilo is a liter at sea level and four degrees celcius].
      • one ton is 2000 lbs (see pint above, not 500 gr × 2000)
      • one [European] ton ≈ one long ton, = one metric ton
      • pounds per square inch (psi)
              14 psi ≈ 1 atm[osphere] = 100,000 pa[scal]
      • 1 pa[scal] = 1 N[ewton]/square meeter
      • one cc = one ml
      • one inch ≈ 2.5[4] cm
      • one foot ≈ 30 cm
      • one mtr ≈ 1.1 yard (yd + 10% yd)
      • one km ≈ 0.6 mi
      • 1.6 km ≈ one mi
      • 10 mph ≈ 15 kph [don't worry about 16 kph]
      • one sq mt ≈ 10 sq ft
      • one sq mile ≈ 2½ sq kilometers
      • one sq mile ≈ 250 hectare
      • one hectare ≈ 2½ acres
      • one sq mile ≈ 640 acres
      • Celcius ↔ Fahrenheit reference points
        • -40° C = -40° F
        • 0° C = 32° F
        • 16° C = 61° F
        • 100° C = 212° F
      • 1 C degree = nine-fifths F degrees
        • start at a reference point
        • double the remaining celcius degrees and take 10% from them
        • add this to your reference point
        • 23° C ⇒ Fahrenheit
        • 16° C = 61° F
        • 23 − 16 = 7
        • (7 × 2) − 10% × (7 × 2) = 14 − 1.4 ≈ 13
        • 61 + 13 ≈ 74° F
      • 1 F degree = five-ninths C degrees
        • start at a reference point
        • halve the remaining fahrenheit degrees and add 10% to them
        • add this to your reference point
        • 26° F ⇒ Celcius
        • 61° F = 16° C
        • 26 − 61 = −35
        • (−35 ÷ 2) + 10% × (−35 ÷ 2) = −17½ + (−1¾) ≈ −19
        • 16 + (−19) ≈ −3° C
      • Test question type: You are in Miami and want to bake your favorite recipe "Pepperoni Rolls" at 175°C - what temperature do you set the Miami stove (proper English: at which temperature do you set the stove in Miami)?
        • 175° C ⇒ Fahrenheit
        • 100° C = 212° F
        • 175 − 100 = 75
        • (75 × 2) − 10% × (75 × 2) = 150 − 15 = 135
        • 212 + 135 ≈ 350° F
  • Classwork
    • Vocabulary
      • Windmills
        • HAWT (Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine), VAWT (Vertical Axis Wind Turbine), rotor, TSR (Tip Speed Ratio), blade, Four Speeds: Start-up, Cut-in, Rated, Cut-out, pitch, spoilers, drag flaps, fatigue
        • torque, foundation, turbulence
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April 27, 2016
  • Homework
    • Reading and Discussion: The die is cast (to download and prepare for today)
  • Classwork
    • Die Casting
      • BEP (breakeven point)
      • linear function, investment cost, parameter
      • runner, critical slow plunger velocity, air entrainment, shot sleeve, air porosity, venting, critical design
      • perpetuate
      • Detroit attitude
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May 04, 2016
  • Homework
    • Reading and Discussion: Not losing control (to download and prepare for today)
    • A Closer Look: Pronouns
      • Cases and other forms
           
        Pronouns
        Cases Other Forms
        Nom Dat Acc Gen Poss Refl
        I me me mine my myself
        you you you yours your yourself
        he
        she
        it
        (they)
        him
        her
        it
        (them)
        him
        her
        it
        (them)
        his
        hers
        its
        (theirs)
        his
        her
        its
        (their)
        himself
        herself
        itself
        (themself)
        we us us ours our ourselves
        you you you yours your yourselves
        they them them theirs their theirselves
        themselves
        who whom whom whose whose --

        • Genitive case
          • Genitive Case is used with "of" when showing possession.
            • Three dogs are running in the park. The brown and white dog belongs to the Hardys'.
            • The brown and white dog is one of theirs.
          • Accusative Case is used with "of" when showing inclusion in a group.
            • Three dogs are running in the park. The brown and white dog is in the middle of the pack.
            • The brown and white dog is one of them.
        • Singular / Plural pairs
          • that / those
          • this / these
          • which / which
          • what / what
        • Here / There pairs
          • this / that
          • these / those
      • NO grammatical gender —
        • Three RULES:
          • they have to make babies
          • people are ALWAYS he or she
          • you have to care
            • your cat has gender for you, not for me [for me it's a cat]
            • trees are neuter
                Remember the Birch  
              & Gingko
              Gingko - Trees, you do not care
            • you care when differentiating between two ITs, i.e. use one as a noun not another "IT" pronoun
        • He is he (i.e. Junge ist ein "er".)
        • She is she (i.e. Mädchen ist eine "sie", nicht ein "es".)
          Mädchen an seinem Geburtstag
          Mädchen an seinem Geburtstag
        • Also feminine are:
          • Ships
          • Ideals
            • Lady Liberty in New York Harbor
            • Justice on top of court houses
            • Cities, States
              • NOT its physical aspects (streets, roads, buildings, hills, seasides &c.)
              • rather the collective of her parts and their interactions
        • It is it (i.e. Tür ist ein "es", nicht eine "sie".)
        • You care, but 'dunno'!
          • he/she
          • s/he
          • they
            They as Third Person Singular Indeterminate Gender
            Singularly They
    • Classwork
      • Process Control
        • PV (Process Variable), Manipulated Variable, Target Value, SP (Set Point Value), OP (Output), ERR (error), Feed Forward Control, P (Proportional Control), I (Integral Control), D (Derivative Control), K (Gain), Continuous Cycling Method, Pu (Ultimate Period), Ku (Ultimate K)
        • phase shift
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    May 11, 2016 top
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    May 18, 2016
    • Homework
      • Prepare your own three (3) questions and two (2) MC, T/F on the videos to discuss in class, such as:
        • How do you make your field a quality field?
        • In the 50's and 60's "Made in Japan" stood for cheap junk, now it stands for quality. Have there been any big turn arounds in your field or that you know of?
        • What "beads" do you measure in your field?
        • How useful is the video, why?
        • You are not God. You can't be 100% perfect. Is it always worth it to be as perfect as you can or will you price yourself out of the market, why?
      • Seeing is believing: Deming and the Red Bead Game
    • Classwork
      • Hold the Mayo, Deming
        • common sense, slogan, slacker, probation, merit pay, raise, variation, control chart
        • spur, fire, cheat, empower, tamper, engage
        • extrinsic
      • Deming: Part One
        • ISMS (Integrated Safety Management System), HR (Human Resources), QA (Quality Assurance)
        • incentive, pink slip, procedure, compliance
      • Deming: Part Two
        • paddle, defect
        • tilt, namby pamby, morale
        • initial line-out
      • Deming: Part Three
        • probation, goal, objective, contingent, productivity, performance appraisal, bonus
        • from day one, tippy toes
        • you can't quit - you're fired
      • Deming: Part Four
        • review performance, shift, feedback, severance pay
        • clean-up man
        • visualize
      • Deming: Part Five
        • UCL (Upper Control Limit), LCL (Lower Control Limit)
        • control chart, stable process
        • ethical
        • linear regression, poisson distribution, three standard deviation (three sigmas [3σs])
        • above average - below average
      • Deming: Part Six
        • ISMS (Integrated Environment, Safety and Health Management System), EMS (Environmental Management System), EWP (Enhanced Work Planning), VPP (Voluntary Protection Program)
        • Five Core functions:
          1. Define Workscope
          2. Identify Hazards
          3. Hazard Control
          4. Perform Work
          5. Feedback [one way] [significant improvement]
        • work with supplier, fix process, fire fighting, graded approach
        • variation
        • outside control limits, inherent part of the process

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    May 25, 2016
    • Homework
    • Classwork
      • Mechatronic Systems
        • CRC (Collaborative Research Centre), MFM (Mechatronic Function Modules), AMS (Autonomous Mechatronic Systems), NMS (Networked Mechatronic Systems), OCM (Operator-Controller-Module)
        • actuators, sensors, actors, multi-agent, weighting
        • endogenous, crossfading, conjunctional, cognitive
        • decouple
        • jargon
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    June 01, 2016
    • Homework
    • Classwork
      • Magnetic Finishing
        • AFM (Abrasive Flow Machining), MAMF (Magneto Abrasive Flow Machining), HMP (Hybrid Machining Process), MR (Material Removal), MAF (Magnetic Abrasive Finishing), MRR (Material Removal Rate), ECM (Electro Chemical Machining (ECM), EDM (Electro Discharge Machining), IBM (Ion Beam Machining), LBM (Laser Beam Machining), PAM (Plasma Arc Machining), USM (Ultrasonic Machining)
        • machining, micro machining, orbital flow, tolerance, grit
        • geometries
        • constituent, deformable, meso, micro, nano
        • deburring, radiusing, removing recast layer, grinding, lapping, honing
      • A Closer Look: Letter Writing
        • Return Address
        • Recipient Address or Addressee
        • Date
          • 7/4/76
            • April 7, 1976 (Br.)
            • 4 July 1976 (Am.)
            • Always write out / spell out the month
              i. e. Dec/25/2000 OR 25/Dec/2000
              NOT 12/25/2000
        • Subject:
        • Salutation(: or ,)
          • Dear
          • Honorific
            • Mr.
            • Mrs., Ms, Miss
            • Dr. (only if they can legally give out drugs, otherwise Ph.D. after surname)
          • Name
            • Use only lastname, except:
              • Non-gender specific names
                • Robin (but not Robyn)
                • Evelyn
                • Chris
              • Foreign names
                • Kim Il Jung (Asian names list last name first)
                • Kofe Annan
                • Mwangi Ngumo
              • Use full name without gender based honorific if unsure
          • Punctuation
            • : - business
            • , - personal
            • Dear John,
          • Unknown Recipient
            • Dear Shipping Dept.:
            • Dear Sir or Madam:
              • Singular because only one person can read a letter at a time
              • Madam NOT Madame (A lady running a cathouse)
            • To whom it may concern:
              • Only for Letters of Recommendation and their ilk
              • NOT for general correspondence
        • Subject
        • Body
          • Capitalize first Word
            • Not a continuation of salutation
            • A new sentence
          • Introduction - Tell 'em what yer gonna tell 'em
          • Argument - Tell 'em
          • Summary - Tell 'em what ya told 'em
          • "Call to Action" - Tell 'em what ya wan' 'em to do
        • Closing
          • Faithfully yours (Br. for everyone you have not personally met)
          • Sincerely yours, (Am. for everyone, Br. for everyone you have personally met)
        • Signature
          • p.p. [per procurationem] (i.A.)
          • for (i.A.)
        • Signature Block
        • Blame line
          • sy:GN
          • the person responsible for typing it:THE PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONTENT
        • Attachment(s) or Enclosure(s)
        • p.s. [postscriptum]
        • Other Phrases
          • When Ordering something:
            • C.O.D. (Collect On Delivery, you pay the postman for the stuff when it comes)
            • P & P: Postage & Packaging (fees you pay above the price of what you order)
            • S & H: Shipping & Handling (fees you pay above the price of what you order)
            • Postpaid - sender pays the postage fees
            • SASE - recipient pays the fee
              • Self-Addressed Stamped Envelope
              • So that others can mail a letter / coupon / offer &c. back to you, on your nickel
        • Good Form
          • Do not have one line one the following page
            play with the date and other formatting to prevent this
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    June 08, 2016 top
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    June 15, 2016
    • Homework
    • Classwork
      • 3D Printing
        • IoT (Internet of Things)
        • Thingiverse, Myminifactory, CGTrader, MXD3D, Shapeways, Etsy, 3D Hubs, Makexyz, iMaterialise
        • Reed's law, Metcalf’s law
        • interstice, amenable, nascent, swathe
        • filament, resin, powder
      • A Closer Look: Conditionals (Just IFs, No ANDs or BUTs)
        • Absolutely Certain: IF [present], [present]
          • If you save your money, you are not broke.
        • Probable: IF [present], [future]
          • If you save your money, you will not be broke.
        • Improbable: IF [past], [would]
          • If you saved your money, you would not be broke.
        • Absolutely No Way: IF [past perfect], [would + perfect]
          • If you had saved your money, you would not have been broke right now.
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    June 22, 2016
    • Homework
    • Classwork
      • Wear & Tear
        • Taylor's relation
        • geometry, lathe, edges, faces, workpiece, surface integrity, internal structure, tool life, carbides, ultimate strength limit, cooling, inclusions
        • processing, vibrations, shocks, cracking, stress, shear, crater, flank, furrowing, notching, diffusion, interpenetration, rubbing, friction, abrasive, adhesive
        • fast-feed, cumulative
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    June 29, 2016
    • Homework
    • Classwork
      • Fatigue
        • crack, fracture
        • repeated or fluctuating loading, static design stress, yield strength, ultimate failure, two-thirds → factor of safety, static loading, live load, pressure changes, vibrations, temperature fluctuations, wave and wind forces, elastic nominal stress, imperfection, flaw
        • scantlings, weight
        • liability, grasp, immunity, perspective, vain
        • collapse, deflection, leakage, magnitude, rupture, deformation, elongation
        • propagate, couple, amend
        • brittle, ductile, tensile, cyclic, random
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    July 06, 2016
    • Homework
    • Classwork
      • Robots making planes
        • CAD/CAM (Computer Aided Design / Computer Aided Manufacturing), AMRC (Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre), CNC (Computer Numerically Controlled), ATL (Automated Tape Lay-up), AFP (Automated Fiber Placement)
        • step change, serial-arm device, point converter, kinematics, G-code, rotary, metrology
        • milling, drilling, surfacing, riveting, waterjet cutting, trimming, routing, machining, filling
        • singularity, calibration, collisions, reach limitations, motion granularity, joint limits, wrist flips
        • quagmire, cumbersome, acquisition, newbie
        • usher
        • 7-axis vs. seven axes
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    July 13, 2016 top
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    July 20, 2016
      First Final
    top
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    July 27, 2016
    • Classwork
      • Discussion: Materials Video (to watch and discuss today)
    top
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